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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : The Non-Finite Verbs



Mr.Jabr
13-11-2006, 09:32 PM
I have question:
I think this topic is so difficult , so I need any one to explain it or to give me some websites explain it. Its sooooooooo difficult. THANKS

onh1986
13-11-2006, 11:18 PM
Most of the verbs have both finite and non-finite forms.

A finite clause has a finite verb. A finite verb has tense.
E.g.: "I run daily."
A non-finite clause has a verb without tense.
E.g.: "...to run daily..."

Every form that is declined (i.e. shows person, singular or plural and tense) by a special ending is a "finite verb form".

Those forms that are not declined (i.e. that do not show the tense, the person, singular or plural) is a "non-finite verb form".

However, nonfinite verbs do indeed exhibit no tense (by definition)-- Hunting could be any time:
Hunting snipe, I will shoot a fisherman. (Non-Finite)
Hunting snipe, I have never shot a fisherman. (Non-Finite)

Here are the three forms of nonfinite verb and their rough finite equivalents:
I enjoy hunting snipe. / I hunt snipe for enjoyment; Snipe are hunted for enjoyment. (Finite)
Hunted for fun, snipe are wary. / Snipe are wary because they are hunted for fun. (Finite)
I went to Ukishima to hunt snipe. / I hunted snipe in Ukishima. (Finite)

I hope this helps a bit

sf_sf678
14-11-2006, 01:16 AM
Thank you ONH1986 for your excellent explanation.

and for my part:

To begin with, the finite verb gives us key information about the subject and tense of the sentence.

e.g.:
- They have ... (plural) but: She has ... (singular)
- They have ... (present) but: They had ... (past)

So, we can say that the finite verb is inflected,i.e its ending or spelling changes according to its grammatical function in the sentence, according to:
1- Person: first, second, or third
2- Number: singular or plural
3- Tense: past, present, etc
4- Voice: active or passive
And because of these inflections, we call it FINITE.


Non-finite verbs (verbals), on the other hand, can be used for any time and any subject without any changes in the verb form.
for example: Have in the following sentences:
- He seems to have a cold. (present time, singular subject)
- They seemed to have colds. (past time, plural subject)"

* There are three types of verbals:
1- infinitives: come after (to): to read, to go, ...etc
2- participles:act like adjectives: broken window, bleeding wound.
3- gerunds: the ing form of a verb used as a noun: Readin is my favourite hobby.

onh1986
14-11-2006, 04:21 AM
Thanks very much sf_sf678 for your sharing.
It's helpful reply.
And I wish you to share us always.