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مشاهدة النسخة كاملة : من فضلكم



dcum88
11-08-2007, 11:09 AM
من فضلكم أريد قاعدة (If) بشرح مفصل مع جميع الازمنة


ولكم خالص الشكر والتقدير ,,,

zainab taraif
11-08-2007, 05:09 PM
hello

we use if for the future tense

we have :

First Conditional: real possibility


We are talking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition or situation in the future, and the result of this condition. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, it is morning. You are at home. You plan to play tennis this afternoon. But there are some clouds in the sky. Imagine that it rains. What will you do?

how to make the sentence

If+present simple
as for the result
will+base verb

Eg:if it rains i will stay home

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. It is not raining yet. But the sky is cloudy and you think that it could rain. We use the present simple tense to talk about the possible future condition. We use WILL + base verb to talk about the possible future result. The important thing about the first conditional is that there is a real possibility that the condition will happen.

Notice:Sometimes, we use shall, can, or may instead of will, for example: If you are good today, you can watch TV tonight.

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Second Conditional: unreal possibility or dream


The second conditional is like the first conditional. We are still thinking about the future. We are thinking about a particular condition in the future, and the result of this condition. But there is not a real possibility that this condition will happen. For example, you do not have a lottery ticket. Is it possible to win? No! No lottery ticket, no win! But maybe you will buy a lottery ticket in the future. So you can think about winning in the future, like a dream. It's not very real, but it's still possible.

how to make the sentence

If+past simple
would+base verb

Eg:if i won the lottery,i would buy a car

Notice that we are thinking about a future condition. We use the past simple tense to talk about the future condition. We use WOULD + base verb to talk about the future result. The important thing about the second conditional is that there is an unreal possibility that the condition will happen.

==================================

Third Conditional: no possibility


The first conditional and second conditionals talk about the future. With the third conditional we talk about the past. We talk about a condition in the past that did not happen. That is why there is no possibility for this condition. The third conditional is also like a dream, but with no possibility of the dream coming true.
how to make the sentence

if+past perfect
would have+past participle

Eg:if i had won the lottery,i would have bought a car


=======================

Zero Conditional: certainty


We use the so-called zero conditional when the result of the condition is always true, like a scientific fact.
Take some ice. Put it in a saucepan. Heat the saucepan. What happens? The ice melts (it becomes water). You would be surprised if it did not.
how to make a sentence

if+present simple
present simple

if you heat ice it melts

Notice that we are thinking about a result that is always true for this condition. The result of the condition is an absolute certainty. We are not thinking about the future or the past, or even the present. We are thinking about a simple fact. We use the present simple tense to talk about the condition. We also use the present simple tense to talk about the result. The important thing about the zero conditional is that the condition always has the same result.


if you have a question
just ask

regards

dcum88
11-08-2007, 05:16 PM
Thank you so much


:)

for you

adel2
12-08-2007, 09:59 AM
dcum88
thanks alot for the good question

zainab
good explanation

accept my regards