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  1. #1
    Kingdom Of Heaven الصورة الرمزية aiman.h.kallaf
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    افتراضي تعلم قواعد الاملاء- English Spelling Rules


    Writing (and therefore spelling) is a representation of the spoken word. The spoken word is not a representation of writing. Because accents and pronunciation can change easily and quite quickly, whereas what is written in books and dictionaries remains "fixed" for years, as well as for various historical reasons, there is often little correspondence between spoken English (pronunciation) and written English (spelling). English spelling therefore often appears to be totally illogical. The following rules can help you to decode the mysteries of English spelling. But remember, even the best rules have their exceptions.


    Adding -er/est

    We make the comparative or superlative forms of short adjectives by adding -er or -est.

    Spelling Rule

    Just add -er or -est to the end of the adjective, for example:

    quick > quicker > quickest
    great > greater > greatest
    full > fuller > fullest

    Exceptions




    Adding -ing/-ed

    Often we need to add -ing or -ed to a verb to make other forms of the verb, for example:
    I was talking when John arrived.

    Spelling Rule

    Just add -ing or -ed to the end of the base verb:

    work > working > worked
    play > playing > played
    open > opening > opened


    Exceptions




    Adding -ly

    We often make an adverb by adding -ly to an adjective, for example: quick > quickly.

    Spelling Rule

    Just add -ly to the end of the adjective:

    coy > coyly
    loud > loudly
    beautiful > beautifully
    senseless > senselessly
    intelligent > intelligently


    Exceptions






    Adding -s

    We add -s to words for two reasons:

    to make plural nouns (boy > boys)
    to form the 3rd person singular of the present simple tense (I work > you work > he works)


    Spelling Rule

    Just add -s to the end of the word, for example:

    dog > dogs
    play > plays
    demand > demands


    Exceptions




    -ible or -able

    Many words end in -ible and -able. Sometimes it is difficult to remember which spelling to use.

    The -ible ending is for words of Latin origin. There are about 180 words ending in -ible. No new words are being created with -ible endings. Here are the most common examples:









    The -able ending is for:

    some Latin words, for example: dependable
    non-Latin words, for example: affordable, renewable, washable
    new (modern) words, for example: networkable, windsurfable

    Rule of thumb

    This rule can help you decide the correct spelling. It works most (but not all!) of the time. Remember, if you are not sure about a word, it is probably best to use a dictionary. Here is the rule:

    If you remove -able from a word, you are left with a complete word.
    If you remove -ible from a word, you are not left with a complete word (note that accessible, contemptible, digestible, flexible and suggestible above are among the exceptions to this rule).


    -ie- or -ei-

    Sometimes it is difficult to remember whether a word is spelled with -ie- or -ei-. There is a very simple rule about this:

    I before E
    Except after C



    Of course, there are some exceptions to this rule.

    1. When the sound rhymes with "may", the spelling is -ei-:

    beige, feint, freight, inveigle, neighbour, sleigh, vein, weigh, weight
    2. Here are a few more common exceptions:

    either, neither, caffeine, codeine, counterfeit, foreign, forfeit, height, leisure, protein, their, weird, seize, seizure


    روابط تحميل الصور


    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842441...g_rules_1.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842342...g_rules_2.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842348...g_rules_3.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842354...g_rules_4.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842359...g_rules_5.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842367...g_rules_6.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842376...g_rules_7.html


    English and American English Spelling

    Here are the principal differences in spelling between English and American English.



















    روابط تحميل الصور


    http://www.4shared.com/file/11842807...EA_online.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/118428186/38468639/EA1.html
    http://www.4shared.com/file/118428356/8e6c2c1a/EA2.html






  • #2
    مشرفة الصورة الرمزية Oxy
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    Dec 2009
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    افتراضي



    where were ya

    Wonderful topic

    Great job aiman

    May Allah bless u
    Keep UP





  • #3
    Student On Level One #1 الصورة الرمزية H.WOLF
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    افتراضي

    Thank you aiman

  • #4
    طالب متوسط في اللغة
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Aug 2008
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    افتراضي

    God bless U
    it is a very useful topic" special for me" ,, I am terrible with spelling
    this topic will help me a lot

    Keep On

  • #5
    طالب مبتدئ
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    افتراضي

    Thank you dear and hope carry on!!!!1

  • #6
    مدرس
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    افتراضي

    good job . god bless you
    Mr Sameh

  • #7
    طالب مبتدئ
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    Jul 2010
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    Belarus

    افتراضي

    Good topic

  • #8
    محظور
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    Nov 2009
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    افتراضي

    alot of thanks for help

  • #9
    طالب مبتدئ
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    Jun 2010
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    Serbia

    افتراضي

    thank you so much aiman its a very great job

  • #10
    طالب مبتدئ
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    Aug 2010
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    Libya

    افتراضي

    Thank you so much. English language don't have precise rules for writing,
    but the experience is a good helpful.

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